Our current issue of Business and Public Administration Studies (BPAS) continues to experience a mix of joyous growing pains with continuous concerns and search to expand Editorial Board to best serve the needs of readers and contributors..
This issue of Business and Public Administration studies addresses two remote areas: the macroeconomic problems of managing and development of countries, and the microeconomic issues of managing and development of enterprises.
This issue of Business and Public Administration Studies touches on four important subjects: policy making, public administration, enterprise management, and problems of cooperation between market participants. It presents various views of authors from Asia, America, and Europe.
All the articles in this issue of Business and Public Administration Studies focus on methodological issues as well as empirical aspects of the analyzed problems. The discussed concepts can be considered by practitioners and scientists as a source of ideas for implementation and further studies.
This issue of Business and Public Administration Studies (BPAS) of the Washington Institute of China Studies (WICS) – overdue by more than a year – comes at the crossroads of numerous events at turbulent times. Since early 2012, when Dr. Bernard Pitsvada (1933-2014) retired as President and Editor of the Washington Institute of China Studies, the Institute and the Journal have undergone a difficult period of transition.
This current issue, Volume 8, Number 1, represents our express efforts to keep Dr. Pitsvada’s legacy alive. We are committed to exploring a deeper relationship between business and public administration.
After numerous discussions and brainstorming with the newly appointed Board we decided to call this Journal: Business and Public Administration Studies. Though a new and broader title, the Journal remains that of the Washington Institute of China Studies. We will continue to solicit cutting-edge research and invite critical debate. We invite your active and constructive discussion and dialogue.
As we go to press, the fact that both the U.S. and China have selected leaders far outweighs the content of our journal in importance. Nevertheless I will run through the contents of this edition. We start off with a review of one of China’s most critical but rarely discussed issues: its population. The one child policy in China gets plenty of attention but the unintended side effect is where the problem lies. The key question is who will support the current generation of old folks when they retire. The next article looks at renewable energy in China. The authors examine the market barriers and policy options of this issue.
As we begin our sixth year of publication we see turmoil and uncertainty as the hallmarks of the current world situation. As we view our own country we see a failing presidency responding to failed Marxist orthodoxy which has not worked wherever it has been tried in modern times. It will similarly fail here. In China the ten year ruling cycle of the Communist Party is undergoing tension and uncertainty with everything from the mysterious death of an English business man to a high ranking police official requesting asylum in a US Consulate. In the Middle East we see the Muslim Brotherhood strengthening its control over the Constitution writing process in Egypt and the civil war continuing in Syria with the Assad family clinging to power. We begin to see why Nasser outlawed and imprisoned much of the Muslim Brotherhood. This at least deferred their seizing control of Egypt’s government for half a century. Sub Sahara Africa continues to see one military coup after another. It seems hardly worth what they fighting about. The European Union continues to choke on its unaffordable welfare state and arguing whether or not to bail out failing states like Greece.
Since our last edition was published many important things have happened in the world. I will only mention a few because of their relevance to our Journal. First was the visit of Chinese President Hu Jintao to the US in January 2011. He was constantly peppered with the same old questions by the American press. Reporters continuously asked about “human rights and currency manipulation”. President Hu insisted that these were domestic political matters and therefore China’s business and no one else. On this we agree with him. Each country has its own laws and determines what is acceptable in their domestic politics. By our standards China does not have a very good record in human rights as we define it. But our definition is not the same as China defines it. As an example they see the most basic human right is to three meals a day. On this matter China is doing reasonably well. In a country where starvation has a long and recurring history, this is a matter of significance. We as a country have never really faced such situations so we take food for granted. We even destroy food to keep up farm prices. The most current Chinese abuse of human rights as we see it deals with Nobel Prize winner Liu Xiaobo. China would be wise to release him and let him go into exile, preferably to the US where he would soon drift into academic obscurity.
We open this edition of the Journal with an article about a new initiative which is in the planning on the part of certain southern European Union (EU) members to support private sector small business in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia with financial support. Given the current financial instability of some existing EU members one might wonder if devoting resources from countries within the EU to countries outside the EU is the wisest course of action but anything that could possibly slow the flow of terrorists and immigration to Europe from North Africa is probably worth a try as being in everybody’s interest. It also demonstrates a continued belief that the foreign aid concept of the richest countries in the world providing financial support to less developed countries with few or no strings attached will foster economic growth. When such help was government to government much of the money usually found its way into the pockets of speculators and government executives and their cronies; This new approach directly to small businesses which attempts to avoid government middle men may be a more fruitful way to go about things, Time will tell but thus far we are a long way from executing this program.
This edition opens with a cultural comparison of drug use among students in the US and Republic of Korea. The second piece returns to the issue of Tibet. The main question of this article deals with the issue of whether Tibet was an independent entity or part of China during the period of the Republic of China (1911-49). The article is quite extensive but more or less sets the matter on the path which it now leads to. Again to remind the readers the volume from which this article was extracted was written and published by the current regime in China, Others may have a different view.
We open this edition of the Journal with an emperical test of global terrorism which represents an original approach to this issue. This is followed by three Chapters from The Historical Status of China's Tibet. Again, note the title China's Tibet. The authors clearly note their perspective on this sensitive issue. This is followed by an evaluation of the Chinese governments program to encourage Han Chinese to move to the Western province of Xinjiang, the current Uighur population and the Han population that has been encouraged to "go west". The PRC government has been caught in the middle of this volatile situations.
We open 2009 with a slightly delayed first issue but we hope the contents of the delay are worth waiting for. Our first article examines the prospects and promises of the Global Knowledge Society of the future. The article is written by the head of the Department of Applied Economics at Jagiellonian University, Poland’s oldest University.
We close at the year 2008 by printing an article based on a speech delivered to the US-China Business Council dealing with China's role in the current global financial crises. The second article deals with program evaluation as an ongoing aspect of day to day management, something the incoming US administration needs to recognize as it seek to evaluate policies from more than a political perspective.
Now that the summer Olympics have been completed in Beijing, we can return to our attempt to present a group of meaningful pieces dealing with US-PRC relationships and topics of international relevance.
We begin on a quarterly basis for the Journal of WICS for 2008. We hope to receive interesting manuscripts from our readers that will enable us to continue to publish articles on diverse topics that reflect issues of importance to the US and PRC.
This edition of the Journal covers a variety of topics, several of which are current hot issues and several of which are introductory efforts that we will continue to cover in subsequent issues. The first article tackles an issue of growing importance; the relationships between China and Africa; particularly trade that is developing between China and the 53 individual African countries. As a demonstration of our continuing interest in this issue we plan to conduct a one day seminar on this topic in the spring 2008 in Washington DC at one of the local universities. We follow this up with an article on US – India relations which considers the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) as a third party in these matters. The third article is an impressionistic piece regarding public administration scholarship in Northwestern China, an area not often visited by American scholars. This article is noteworthy because it is written by David Rosenbloom America’s foremost public administration scholar.
This edition of the Journal of WICS begins with a thought provoking article dealing with the issue of how long China’s amazing economic growth can continue. What challenges will China face in the short run and what environmental issues will China face in the longer run? The future well being of the PRC requires solving these two issues or at least ameliorating their worst aspects.
We begin the second year of publication of the Journal of the Washington Institute of China Studies with an article on a topic which main stream public administration journals will not touch. It deals with a topic that the general public knows exists but which public administration scholars refuse to recognize – pathological government. Why do so many government programs fail to resolve problems and primarily only spend tax payers money. This enables politicians to buy votes with our taxes. Politicians walk away with more dreams to expand the size of government and keep incumbents reelected. Government remains the only institution that can make corruption legal. If one doubts this look at the tax code. Professor Bingman explores the topic based on his long career in government and as a consultant to many countries. His vast experience is not based on statistics or counting noses but rather on experience. This topic is worth pursing from a world wide perspective not merely US and PRC.
This, our second edition of the Journal of the Washington Institute of China Studies, follows a slightly different format than the first. Instead of eight articles of about the same length, this edition begins with an extensive study of Higher Education in China focusing on recent reforms enacted and proposed for future enactment designed to bring Chinese universities into the “World Class” category. Since the opening in 1979, the best and brightest Chinese students have usually pursued advance studies abroad, usually in the US. Many of these students did not return to China upon graduation. World Class universities at home should help stem this brain drain and aid Chinese development to sustain economic growth required to raise the standard of living for many Chinese.
This issue opens up with in overview of reform in China and the difficulties China faces in achieving it. The author introduces a new concept in public administration, that of “pathological government”. Because this concept has a negative connotation of governmental performance most PA journals do not care to touch it. But it remains more real in the 21st century than “market failure” which has been since the latter half of the 20th century a rationalization for expanding the role of government and spending more taxpayer’s money in pursuit of buying votes and staying in power. This journal will keep the concept of “pathological government” on our agenda in future editions.
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